The Farm Bill sets primary food and farm policies for the U.S. every five years. The Nutrition Title of the Farm Bill includes SNAP, the National School Lunch Program, The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP), and the Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP). The Nutrition Title accounts for approximately three-fourths of all Farm Bill spending. The most recent Farm Bill was passed in 2008 over two presidential vetoes and included some significant improvements in SNAP, worth $20 billion over 10 years. The Farm Bill is scheduled to be reauthorized in 2012.
The 2012 Farm Bill is expected to be very contentious because much less federal money will be available, there is increasing political pressure to cut spending.